The Warsaw Uprising was one of the largest battles of the Second World War. The two-month long battle of the forlorn capital with the military power of the Third Reich - including the indifference of the Red Army, which stood at the entrance of the city, and the scant help provided by the western allies - became an unprecedented event, not only in Polish but in European history. [...]
After Poland's defeat in September 1939 the Germans started persecutions of the Jewish population living on occupied Polish territory. By the decree of the governor Ludwig Fischer of October 2, 1940, a part of Warsaw has been separated from the rest of the city by a wall three-meter high and 16-kilometer long - this was going to be the Jewish ghetto. On a little area of 307 hectares over [...]
On September 1, 1939, at dawn the German Third Reich invaded the Polish Second Republic along the full length of the border between the two countries. This action was carried out according to the command of Chancellor Adolf Hitler, was not accompanied by a declaration of war, and broke a non-aggression pact. It constituted the outbreak of the Second World War and resulted in [...]
In 1943 the expanding Home Army numbered 380.000 soldiers throughout Poland. It was the most powerful underground army in occupied Europe.
The Polish Underground State was a an exceptional phenomenon. Not only did it battle with German occupying forces, it also ensured the normal functions of the state. Nowhere else in occupied Europe did such extensive structures of a secret administration ensue.
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