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Testimony of Mieczysław Rychter

Mieczysław RYCHTER                                                                                   
January 15, 1978

     I am allowing myself to send a handful of information about children from Warsaw who were displaced during the uprising. The information is not complete because it pertains to children who attended the President Gabriel Narutowicz Primary School Number 1, after January 16, 1945 (liberation of Grójec). A small number of the children, along with their parents, returned to the ruins of the capital (4-6); however, the rest stayed until the moment when tolerable living conditions arose in the capital which was being rebuilt.
     Until the end of the school year in 1945, that is until July, the following students attended the school:
Juraś, Halina
Baszkiewicz, Eugeniusz
Rygiel, Teresa and Maria
Wasilewska, Irena - displaced from Poznań Providence
Mozenzweig, Jan - a Jew from Warsaw who survived, had been hidden
Strasburger, Krystyna
Sabak, Krystyna - orphan, parents died in Warsaw, stays with her aunt
Gołębiowski, Kazimierz
Blum, Maria - Jewish father who was murdered in Treblinka, Polish mother
Brańska, Jadwiga
Śliwiński, Bogdan and Zbigniew
Głowacka, Barbara
Fiodor, Krystyna - mother died and was buried in Grójec in 1945
Celińska, Krystyna and Stanisław
Kociszewski, Jerzy - orphan; taken care of by a teacher named Łukasiak, who was displaced from Warsaw and whose husband was an officer in the Polish Army (Wojsko Polskie, WP) in the West
Szmidt, Jan
Ładowski, Zbigniew
Witkowska, Barbara - student of a dressmaker
Gajewski, Sylwester

     The Parent-Teacher Association (Komitet Rodzicielski), according to its abilities, taking into consideration the difficult conditions, allocated a certain amount of clothes, notebooks, books, etc., to be delivered to children who were from Warsaw. At the same time, the Central Welfare Council (Rada Główna Opiekuńcza, RGO) allotted certain amounts of additional food. This food was composed of soups and slices of bread.          
     The school was also in a very difficult situation. The Nazis had completely destroyed the school's equipment. The students had to bring their own chairs; people wrote on the windowsills and even on the floor. Helping the school consisted in delivering notebooks, clothes, and sending children from Warsaw to wealthy farmers (the Kazana family from the village Wola Krobowska), where they received free milk. Two female students were sent to Denmark during vacation (Celińska and Fiodor), and to Holland - Jadwiga Brańska and Krystyna Strasburger. Of the students listed above, the following stayed in Grójec to finish middle school:
Celińska, Krystyna - currently works in the "Gardening Cooperative" ("Spółdzielnia Ogrodnicza")
Celiński, Stanisław - driver
Śliwiński, Bohdan - engineer, graduated from the Warsaw University of Technology (Politechnika Warszawska), works at the Motor Vehicle Communications Company (Przedsiębiorstwo Komunikacji Samochodowej, PKS)
Śliwiński, Zbigniew - mining engineer, graduated from the Academy of Mining in Cracow (Akademia Górnicza w Krakowie), works at the Department of Mining in Częstochowa (Urząd Górniczy w Częstochowie)
Blum, Maria - graduated from the Food Processing Industry Department of the Warsaw Agricultural University (Szkoła Główna Gospodarstwa Wiejskiego, SGGW), lives in Warsaw
Fiodor, Krystyna - lives in Warsaw; her mother is buried in Grójec    
     I do not have any information about other students who were staying in Grójec after being forced out of Warsaw.


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  The project is implemented by the Museum of Warsaw in cooperation with the State Archives of City of Warsaw, and the Niedersachsische Gedenkstatten Foundation