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Testimony of Maria Jolanta Auleytner


Maria Jolanta Auleytner, from the Lepszy family
DOB 6.06.1931, Birthplace: Lwów

         [...] I wanted to return home, but Hania's mother stopped me and said that it's too dangerous. It turned out that during this time the town hall is a bastion of the insurgents, there Germans all around and shooting broke out. So I remained in the Old Town almost  to the end of the fighting, along with the Dawidowicz family. Right before the capitulation of the Old Town I met friends of my parents, the Sołłowijs, with whom I left the Old Town after the capitulation. (Later, when in Kraków, I met Mr. Dawidowicz on the street and found out that they all survived and stopped in Milanówek). 
         The Germans drove us (a never ending stream of people) to the camp in Pruszków, where I spent about two weeks. During selection conducted by the Germans, I was separated from the Sołłowijs and assigned to transport to the Reich for forced labour. When we reached Łódź, we had to wait, camping out on the platform for the transport to Germany. The Polish Red Cross served soup in the afternoon - the woman serving it asked how old I am and where my family is? I told her that I'm 13, and that I'm alone. Then they sent me to the next platform, that was mistakenly directed to the Riech and was to go back to the  General Government. After some time I managed to jump on this transport and after crossing the Reich - GG border, we were released in Koluszki. Some woman took me to a nearby property in Rogowo. Several days later the same woman told me that she's going to Kraków, and what do I intend to do? I told her that I have an uncle in Kraków, but I don't have money for the ticket. So she took me with her.  And that's how I ended up in Kraków, with my uncle, a historian, later chancellor of Jagiellonian University - Kazimierz Lepszy.  
         The RGO hired me as early as 5 X 1944 to sort out donated clothing. During that time I participated in underground classes of the first grade of middle school. After the German capitulation, I was automatically assigned to the H. Wróński IX State Women's Middle School in Kraków, since the teachers from the underground classes undertook work in precisely this middle school. I finished the II grade of the middle school in Jedlicz, Krosno province, where I lived with my aunt, Maria Borowicz, for a year. After that year I returned to Kraków again, where I passed my A-exams in 1952 at the Clothing Industry Secondary School. In 1972 a correspondence course in library science in Warsaw. 
        In 1945 I belonged to the scout troop at the H. Wroński Middle School for a year. Then in 1948 I joined the Scout Athletic Club in Kraków. 
         After my A-exams I worked at the Provincial Commission for Economic Planning in Kraków until 1953, then at the Rail Load Work Company until the end of 1956 [...].

 

 

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  The project is implemented by the Museum of Warsaw in cooperation with the State Archives of City of Warsaw, and the Niedersachsische Gedenkstatten Foundation