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Concentration camps


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Testimony of Halina Stępień

[...]  Our journey came to an end at Dachau. People were horrified; they did not know what would happen to them. I was completely unaware of the danger. I did not know what a camp was. We were taken to a hair and clothing inspection, but our clothes was not changed. We were placed in barracks, which was on the main road of the camp; it was the last barracks on the right side, right next to the fence.  [...]

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Testimony of Wiktoria Adamus

[...]  Then it was time for transport. The Germans packed us into dirty wagons. Auschwitz. I remember - we were orded to throw aside all our bags even before the gate, to take off our clothes, to take off everything, but clearly it was not our time yet. We heard this order: "Weg, weg, too many people"... So, we got into the wagons again and traveled on. The road was long, there was no food, no water...  [...]

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Testimony of Wacława Połomska

[...]  We stayed in Pruszków for a few days. Toward the end of the week, the Germans loaded a mass of people into freight wagons and they sent us to the camp in Stutthof.  [...]

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Testimony of Ryszard Zabłotniak

[...]  I do not know the number of Warsaw residents who were sent to Sachsenhausen. About 4000 people arrived in my transport, but some of them (the women) were separated probably at Ravensbrück. Then the men were sent, marching on foot, to Sachsenhausen-Oranienburg. Even more transports arrived in Sachsenhausen. From Oranienburg (a stay at the factory hall "Zugang"), everyone was sent away, with the exception of metal-workers. Then I posed as a locksmith, as advised by the older prisoners, which was even checked - I was asked to set a zipper to scale, which I knew how to do from middle school.  [...]

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Testimony of Aleksandra Wróblewska

[...]  After a few weeks, Mrs. Rabowska left for Zakopane (a town in the Tatra Mountains), and there she incidentally met a colonel, with whom she was already acquainted, who had managed to escape, along with his wife, from the transport already in Auschwitz. And only then, Mrs. Rabowska found out from him that Hania was in the concentration camp. After learning this horrible news, Mrs. Rabowska promptly left for Cracow, in order to apply to General-Governor Frank for the girl's release from the concentration camp.  [...]

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Testimony of Elżbieta Massalska

[...]  We reached the Flossenburg station in Bavaria. We got off the railcars and lined up in fours to the screams of the guards. The men still went together with the women. We walked through the charming and clean town. The residents watched us, to them surely we were Polish thugs. We looked around curiously, trying to figure out from the landscape surrounding us, what fate awaits us. The land was uneven, we would walk uphill then downhill. We walked through the town. Beyond it grew fruit trees covered with fruits. I'd been dreaming of apples since the beginning of the Rising - now walking between the fruiting apple trees, I could only swallow my saliva.  [...]

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Testimony of Danuta Napiórkowska-Jarzębowska

[...]  In the evening of August 8, 1944, we were loaded in Pruszków into cattle cars, myself, my mother Bronisława and my eight year old brother Bogusław. We were taken to a very harsh Nazi prison in Namslau (currently Namysłów, Opolskie voivodship). This was a subsidiary camp of the concentration camp in Gross-Rosen (Rogoźnica). We stayed there until September 4, 1944, sleeping on straw scattered on the floor. We were given water and small amounts of bread. The transport consisted mostly of mothers with small children and babies. All the babies were taken away from their mothers. They "died" during the first day. The dead babies were laid on a long "table" made of wooden planks and were shown to the despairing mothers. They were told that "there were no doctors for Polish children".  [...]

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Testimony of Eulalia Matusiak-Rudak

[...]  They bolted the car doors and the train moved. Just before Częstochowa, as they opened the door a little. I don't know this was exactly, maybe it was already at the Częstochowa railway station? They opened the door a bit and let in some air. The car was crammed with people, there was no toilet, it was impossible to sit down, everybody had to stand up all the time. If someone tried to squat, others fell over him. It was incredible. Suddenly the door opened, we felt a bit of fresh air. Everybody tried to get to the door, but we were not allowed. People started to push to get some air. A railwayman in a dark uniform wearing a black coat had a huge white jug. He said: "I brought you a little water."  [...]

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Testimony of Cecylia Krajewska

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Testimony of Teresa Różycka

[...]  Sunday 13 IX 1944. They took all the men. It was at the concentration camp in Buchenwald. It was an intense experience for me, since there was a father with a three year old daughter in our car. He had to give her up to a woman that was a stranger. We stood there the entire day. After a trip in cattle cars - we were taken on 15 IX to the concentration camp in Bergen-Belsen.  [...]

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Testimony of Halina Olk-Wieczorek

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Testimony of Bohdan Lewartowski

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Testimony of Antonina Irmina Osińska-Głąb

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Testimony of Bohdan Stanisław Dąbrowski

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Testimony of Jolanta-Małgorzata Dąbrowska-Markiewicz

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Testimony of Maria Żarska-Szczepańska

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Testimony of Krystyna Krasuska (Górecka)

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Testimony of Marta Gadomska-Juskowiak

The trip lasted for several days and nights. I remember that we crossed the Polish-German border on August 15th. Earlier, when we travelled through Grodzisk and Milanówek, grandmother and auntie organised some paper and stones, to throw out, with information about where we are. This was information for the family, because we had relatives in Milanówek and in Grodzisk. Our relatives there quickly [...]

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Testimony of Danuta Podrucka (Pastuszyńska-Szpądrowska)

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  The project is implemented by the Museum of Warsaw in cooperation with the State Archives of City of Warsaw, and the Niedersachsische Gedenkstatten Foundation