"Banished from Warsaw in 1944 - the Plight of Children" is a project consisting of several parts; its aim is to disseminate in-depth knowledge about deportations from Warsaw that took place from August to October of 1944. No European city suffered as much during the Second World War as Warsaw and its inhabitants. After the heroic defense of the city in September 1939, German occupiers unleashed ruthless and murderous repression which lasted throughout the occupation.
On 1 August 1944, the poorly armed units of the underground Home Army - a force of 25,000 - began the struggle against the German army that was stationed in Warsaw, which had a population of about 1 million at the time. Thus, the Warsaw Uprising began. It was one of the greatest battles of the Second World War. The battle of the forlorn capital against the military power of the German Third Reich - alongside the indifference of the Red Army which stood at the edge of the city - lasted for two months and became an unprecedented event, not only in Polish history, but in European history as well.
The German army mobilized special forces to suppress the uprising. Adolf Hitler and the commander of the Schutzstaffel (SS) and the Police, Heinrich Himmler, gave the following order: "Every inhabitant is to be killed." Germans committed atrocities on an unprecedented scale.
People who were still alive were forced to leave their homes, which were located in districts of the city that the German army then occupied. These people were forced to go to the transit camp in Pruszków, outside of Warsaw.
About 200,000 people were killed (including 70,000 who were murdered), and 700,000 were driven out of the city. Following capitulation on 2 October 1944, those who had stayed in the city center until the end of fighting were expelled and subjected to horrible treatment.
From 6 August to 10 October 1944, 550,000 Varsovians and 100,000 people from places in the vicinity of Warsaw passed through the Pruszków camp. 150,000 camp inmates were sent to Germany as forced laborers and 50,000 were shipped to concentration camps. Those who were injured or incapable of work were transported to various places in the General Government.
This research project addresses children aged 15 and younger who were banished from Warsaw. Almost all of the testimonies are being presented for the first time. We are allowing the youngest witnesses of those tragic times to tell their stories...
Banished from Warsaw 1944. The Plight of Children
An Exhibit of the Historical Museum of Warsaw was opened at September 10th 2007 and closed in February 2008. Project funded by the European Union, through the "Europe for Citizens Programme". Exhibition was accompanied by catalouge with the same title published in amount of 2 000 copies and two CD's with recordings of childrens testimonies.
Honorary patronage of the exhibit:
Professor Władysław Bartoszewski
His Excellency Archbishop of the city of Warsaw Kazimierz Nycz
Minister of Culture and National Heritage Kazimierz Michał Ujazdowski
The President of Warsaw Hanna Gronkiewicz-Waltz
Exhibit Curator - Izabella Maliszewska
Collaboration - Agnieszka Iwaszkiewicz, Julian Borkowski, Małgorzata Berezowska (MHW); Marta Jaszczyńska, Beata Wieczorek (APW); prof. Karl Liedke (Stiftung - ng)
Oral Testimonies - Stanisław Maliszewski (MHW)
Artistic design of the exhibit and graphic design - Marek i Maciej Mikulscy
Translation into English - Anna Kubin oraz Stanisław Tekieli, Philip Stoeckle, Jacek Wróbel,
Translation into German - Maria Jarmoszuk and Małgorzata Wilk, Magdalena Stanisławska, Leszek Król, Agnieszka Brzozowska
Archive materials from collections:
The Historical Museum of Warsaw
State Archive of the Capital City of Warsaw Section in Grodzisk Mazowiecki, Section in Łowicz, Section in Otwock
The Archive of New Documents
The Archiwe of Mechanical Documentation
State Archive in Częstochowa
State Archive in Kielce
State Archive in Kraków
State Archive in Piotrków Trybunalski
State Archive in Poznań
State Archive in Radom
The Archive of "Grey Runks" Society
Pilish Red Cross - Office of Information and Research
The Central Museum of Prisoners-of-War in Łambinowice-Opole
The Museum of Scauting
Drawings made by children from the Jan Bytnar "Rudy" Elementary School No. 336 were used in the exhibition.
The exhibition Banished from Warsaw 1944. The plight of children is part of the BANWAR 1944 project. It was exposed in the Historical Museum of Warsaw from September 2007 to February 2008. At November 9th there was meeting for heros of uor project: Banished from Warsaw 1944.The plight of children organized by The HistoricalMuseum of the Capitol City of Warsaw andthe First Programm of Polish Radio. We listened the reportage The short childhood by Alicja Grębowicz. The next point of meeting was the discussion aboat the war childhood of our quests. This reportage was edited by the First Programm of Polish Radio at November 30th 2007.
The exhibition was presented in the Memorial Museum in Bergen-Belsen (Germany) from July to October 2008. The quests and journalists were very interested in our exhibitiob. There were published soma articles aboat the exhhibition in the local press.
In the period from February 23th to March 23th 2009 was presented in the palace of Youth in Katowice.
The exhibition Banished from Warsaw 1944. The plight of children was shown in The Central Museum of Prisoners-of-War in Łambinowice-Opole from April 16th to June 28th 2009.
We prepared the next German edition of our exhibition in Memorial Museum of Neuegamme near Hamburg. The opening was perform August 28th. The exhibition was exposed to the end of October 2009.
The exhibition was opened in Memorial Museum of Sachsenhausen at 30th September 2010. It was shawn until 19th December 2010.
Actually we continue to work on the project - collecting and elaborating new testimonies, souvenirs, documents and photographs.
If you want to see photos go to "Exhibition" on the right menu.