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Testimony ofMarta Gadomska-Juskowiak


There was a crowd of people there already. The men and women were segregated, children with mothers, our housekeeper, this way we were treated as a family.  The men were sent to this lower church .  We spent the night in the church, on the stone flooring.  We lay side by side. Those who got there earlier, had  pieces of boards from the benches.

So in this church, when you were there - you had this conviction, that the Germans might execute you nevertheless?  Or had the worst already passed?

            No, no.  It was known that the Germans are executing men. We didn't know what would happen to us. I remember, that we prayed, sang. Even in this march down Leszno and Wolska, we sang. The Germans didn't react. The next morning there was a selection again, but they let us pass together. I don't remember anymore what street it was, we walked to Dworzec Zachodni (rail station) to the trains. It was some road through a field, there were no large buildings there. The Germans set up some stand, they had sliced bread in baskets, loaves cut into quarters, hard boiled eggs. They set up cameras and filmed us. Every one took a piece a bread, the children got an egg. Surely it was a newsreel.

This was a propaganda film.

            They put us on this train. I don't remember, but I think it was a commuter train, a regular one that operated on the Dworzec Zachodni - Pruszków route, to Pruszków, to these industrial buildings. I remember there were pits there, the stench, dirt, mud and human faeces.  I don't remember how long we were there, a day, two, three? Everything is blotted out of my memory.

Do you remember what you ate in Pruszków?

I think we ate some soup, from the RGO. In Pruszków were were loaded into cattle cars, with dried, good it wasn't fresh, manure on the floor. It was so crowded there that it was not possible to lie down at night.


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  The project is implemented by the Museum of Warsaw in cooperation with the State Archives of City of Warsaw, and the Niedersachsische Gedenkstatten Foundation